Medical FAQs

What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones are solid materials made of salts and minerals in the urine that stick together to form small “pebbles.” They can be as small as grains of sand or as large as golf balls. Visit our resources page on Kidney Stones for more information.  Also, visit our Service page on Kidney Stones Treatment.

Is Dr Kavaler a gynecologist?

Dr. Kavaler is an urologist with special training in urogynecology. Dr. Kavaler completed a fellowship in Urogynecology and Urodynamics at UCLA prior to joining the Practice. The types of problems she specializes in are prolapses of the female organs, stress incontinence, and interstitial cystitis.

Who tells me the results of my test(s)?

Usually, your physician will contact you or will ask that you call a week after the tests have been performed.  A staff member may also contact you to arrange treatment or follow up.

What is a PSA?

PSA stands for “Prostate Specific Antigen” and  is a blood test that measures the amount of antigen (PSA) expressed into the blood stream by the prostate.

Why do I leave a urine specimen every time I visit my doctor?

A routine urinalysis is an integral part of the examination of the urinary tract.